The Factors Affectıng The Professıon Preference Of Students In A Medıcal Faculty

 The choice of profession is one of the most important factor influencing people's life. Profession preference is not an easy process for the young people. It is only possible to apply medicine as a profession by taking a medical education. The aim of this study is to identify the factors that play a part in this preference of the students who have used the preference of the medical faculty. This study is a descriptive and cross-sectional study designed as the application of the Scientific Research Methods (BAM) course being taught at Afyon Kocatepe University Faculty of Medicine. The questionnaire form prepared by the authors was applied to the students in the first three classes of the faculty. The data were entered into an electronic processor program, and descriptive and distributive data were obtained. Ethical approval for the study was obtained from Afyonkarahisar Clinical Research Ethics Committee. As findings, the total number of students participating in the study was 225. The minimum attendance was 47 students in the second class. The lowest average among the representatives has emerged in the context of the teacher-school-course contribution on preference. The highest average was the expression of preference for the faculty of medicine by the student himself. In the preference of medical faculty, "the desire to help people" was clearly striking. Reasons such as having a medical profession as a respected profession, having a prestigious profession, and career possibilities of medical education play an important role in this preference. The family effect, which is relatively backwards seen in other studies, has become quite evident in our study. It is possible to say that the importance of family influence has increased in the choice of profession in the last years. It is also supported by our study that the perception that economic reasons is an important factor in preferring the medical faculty and that economic reasons in university education are an important determinant. However, there is uncertainty about what economic reasons are at this point. As a result, the medical students use their own initiative rather than traditional values ​​such as family, teacher or friend advice when making their choices. Medical faculty students' choices for faculty preference is considered as a result of having a high score in university entrance examination. Although the expectation of the family is an implicit determinant, it is seen that the overlap of the family expectation with the preference of the young person. In the preference of medical faculty, there is no effective external determinant outside the family, such as teacher-school-classroom. Except for the family, in the preference of medical faculty, there is no effective external determinant such as teacher-school-course.

Keywords: Preference of school, youth, choice of profession, medical education